Types of Cancer and Alternative Treatment


Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial cancer starts when cells in the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas of the body.


Esophagus Cancer

Cancer of the esophagus (also referred to as esophageal cancer) starts in the inner layer (the mucosa) and grows outward (through the submucosa and the muscle layer). Since 2 types of cells can line the esophagus, there are 2 main types of esophageal cancer:


  1. Squamous cell carcinoma

The esophagus is normally lined with squamous cells. Cancer starting in these cells is called squamous cell carcinoma. This type of cancer can occur anywhere along the esophagus. Once, squamous cell carcinoma was by far the more common type of esophageal cancer in the United States. This has changed over time, and now it makes up less than half of esophageal cancers in this country.

  1. Adenocarcinoma

Cancers that start in gland cells are called adenocarcinomas. This type of cell is not normally part of the inner lining of the esophagus. Before an adenocarcinoma can develop, gland cells must replace an area of squamous cells, which is what happens in Barrett’s esophagus. This occurs mainly in the lower esophagus, which is where most adenocarcinomas start.


Eye Cancer

Two types of cancers can be found in the eye.

Primary intraocular cancers start inside the eyeball. In adults, melanoma is the most common primary intraocular cancer, followed by primary intraocular lymphoma. These 2 cancers are the focus of this document.

In children, retinoblastoma (a cancer that starts in cells in the retina) is the most common primary intraocular cancer, and medulloepithelioma is the next most common (but is still extremely rare). These childhood cancers are discussed in Retinoblastoma.

Secondary intraocular cancers start somewhere else in the body and then spread to the eye. These are not truly “eye cancers,” but they are actually more common than primary intraocular cancers. The most common cancers that spread to the eye are breast and lung cancers. Most often these cancers spread to the part of the eyeball called the uvea. For more information on these types of cancers, see our documents on them.


Gastric Cancer

Stomach cancers tend to develop slowly over many years. Before a true cancer develops, pre-cancerous changes often occur in the inner lining (mucosa) of the stomach. These early changes rarely cause symptoms and therefore often go undetected.

Cancers starting in different sections of the stomach may cause different symptoms and tend to have different outcomes. The cancer’s location can also affect the treatment options. For example, cancers that start at the GE junction are staged and treated the same as cancers of the esophagus. A cancer that starts in the cardia of the stomach but then grows into the GE junction is also staged and treated like a cancer of the esophagus.

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Pain and Metastasis of Cancer Diseases


What is cancer? Cancer is a disease that is the result of the development of abnormal cells in the body. The name of cancer is based on the organ where the cancerous cells firstly develop. There are more than 100 types of cancer, with some of the most famous ones including breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, and lymphoma. The symptoms of each cancer can be different, but some of the general symptoms include fatigue, lump under the skin, skin thickening, bleeding, and bruising.

Cancerous cells firstly develop in a certain organ in the body. When it gets severe or when the stage is moving higher, the cancer spreads to another part of the body, which is known as cancer metastasis. When cancer has spread from its original place to another area, it is called advanced (or locally advanced when it only spreads to nearby tissue). The most common areas of spread of metastasis include lung, liver, lymph nodes, and bones. When the cancer has spread to a new location, the cancer is still name with the organ it firstly develops from.

It is important that you have more and more cancer info, especially if you notice any symptoms or if you belong to the high risk group. Though cancer can happen in any age, people who are 65 or older have higher risk of cancer. Certain habits can increase the risk of cancer, including drinking alcohol, smoking, being obese, excessive exposure of sun, etc. People with family history of cancer or with certain health conditions (like ulcerative colitis) also have higher risk of cancer.

People have tried many treatments to help them improve the cancer, one of which is through cancer nutrition program. It is believed that cancer patients must take good nutrition. A healthy diet includes drinking enough water and having enough important nutrients (minerals, vitamins, protein, fat, and carbohydrates). The healthy diet is important during cancer therapy as it helps fight infection and keep body tissue healthy.



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The Treatment of Cancer Diseases


Cancer diseases are diseases that happen when abnormal cells grow and divide uncontrollably in the body. The name of the cancer is based on part of the body that cancerous cells grow. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death. The symptoms of cancer vary, depending on what types of cancer you have and how severe the cancer is. Most patients of cancer will suffer from fatigue, thickening or lump that can be felt under the skin, skin colour changes, weight changes, bruising, bleeding, and many more.

When you find some symptoms that concern you, you need to make an appointment with a cancer doctor. Even though you don’t find or experience any symptoms, you can arrange an appointment with doctors, if you belong to the high risk group. You can have cancer screening to diagnose cancer. The earliest you diagnose a cancer, the best you have to cure the cancer. The doctor may have you to take some physical exam, laboratory tests, imaging tests, and biopsy to diagnose the cancer. When the cancer is diagnoses, the doctor will do other steps to determine the stage of the cancer.

Some cancer doctors may offer different kinds of treatments on different patients, but in fact, in most cases the medical treatments are the same. Surgery will be done as a way to remove the cancer from the body. On certain stages of cancer, chemotherapy may be chosen, which is applied by using drugs to kill the cancer cells.

High-powered energy beams may also be used to kill the cancer cells, and the cancer disease process of treatment is called radiation therapy. There are two types of radiation therapy: external beam therapy (by placing a machine outside your body) and brachytherapy (by placing a machine inside your body). Another treatment is stem cell transplant by using your own stem cells or stem cells for a donor. There are still some other medical options to cure the cancer, including immunotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted drug therapy, and many more.

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Prepare Yourself With Information About Cancers

Pancreatic cancer cells

Many people still don’t get enough information about cancer. Cancer is actually a term given to some related diseases. However, one of the characteristic of cancer, no matter where it develops, is that the cells begin to divide without stopping and spread in the some tissues surrounding it. Although there are certain organs where cancer mostly develop, in fact cancer can start almost anywhere in the human’s body. The development of cancer has interrupted the normal cycle of cancer’s life. The old damaged cells should have died and would be replaced with new cells. But with there is cancer, the damaged cells continue to grow and become ore abnormal every single day.

To know more about the cancer, you can actually borrow some books from the library and learn by browsing in the internet. By having sufficient knowledge about cancer, you can be prepared and alert when there is something abnormal with your body. When you know the symptoms, you can have immediate treatment and the better you treat the condition, the more likely that it will recover completely.

Knowledge about cancers can also be gained from doctors when you have regular medical check up. You can ask much information related to cancer to know how it develops, where it can develop, what should be done when you find symptoms, what the earliest treatment you can do, what prevention action to take, and many more. When you have this kind of knowledge, it will be easier for you to fight cancer. And if you or your loved ones get any symptoms, you can become proactive.

When people are well informed about cancer disease, they will be more prepared to anything that happens to their body. One of the most important about the knowledge is of course about how to prevent the occurrence of cancer. This will inspires you to live a healthier life which makes you stronger in fighting any disease, including cancer. When you can prevent any disease, your life will also be more meaningful and happy.

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